Le libre-arbitre chez Augustin

by Maria Janaina Marques

Doctoral thesis in Philosophie

Under the supervision of Moacyr Ayres Novaes Filho and Joël Biard.

defended on 12-09-2012

in Tours and the jointly supervising institution l'Universidade de São Paulo (Brésil) , under the authority of École doctorale Sciences de l'homme et de la société (Tours ; 1996-2018) , in a partnership with Centre d'études supérieures de la Renaissance (Tours ; 1956-....) (équipe de recherche) .

Thesis committee President: Christophe Grellard.

Thesis committee members: Lorenzo Mammi, Franklin Silva, Carlos Oliveira.

  • Alternative Title

    The Free choice in Augustine


  • Abstract

    In order to consider the free choice of the will, Augustine has to mobilize concepts already established about the divine nature, the nature of evil and also the nature of the human soul. As such concepts change, the free choice of the will takes on different features until it reaches its most defined form, in which it is revealed as the origin of moral evil – without reference to the divine authorship – and in which it is also revealed as essentially vicious – without any alternative but to accept divine aid. Therefore, if on the one hand the free choice of the will does not entail a relationship between God and the cause of evil, on the other hand it requires the relationship between God and the only way to stop evil. The objective of this work is to analyse the conceptual webs entailed in the concept of free choice, viewing it as a reading key capable of evidencing a certain internal logic in the movement involving Augustine's conversion to Christianity.


  • Abstract

    Pour considérer le libre-arbitre, Augustin doit mobiliser des conceptions déjà établies sur la nature divine, sur la nature du mal, ainsi que sur la nature du bien. À mesure que de telles conceptions se modifient, le libre-arbitre de la volonté prend des contours variés jusqu’au point d’atteindre la forme la plus achevée. Et c’est là où il se révèle en tant que racine du mal moral – nul rapport avec l’action divine – et où il se montre essentiellement vicié – sans autre alternative que d’accepter l’aide divine. Ainsi, si d’un côté le libre-arbitre de la volonté n’exige aucun rapport de Dieu à la cause du mal, d’un autre côté exige le rapport à Dieu comme le seul et unique chemin de correction du mal. Le but de ce travail de recherche est d’analyser les trames conceptuelles supposées dans la conception du libre-arbitre, voyant en cette dernière une clé de lecture assez forte pour mettre en évidence une certaine logique interne dans le mouvement qui implique la conversion d’Augustin au christianisme.

  • Alternative Title

    O livre-arbitrio em Agostinhao


  • Abstract

    Para considerar o livre-arbítrio da vontade, Agostinho deve mobilizar concepções já estabelecidas sobre a natureza divina, sobre a natureza do mal e também sobre a natureza da alma humana. À medida que tais concepções se modificam, o livre-arbítrio da vontade assume contornos diversos até obter sua forma mais acabada, na qual se revela como raiz do mal moral – sem nada referir à autoria divina – e na qual se revela também como essencialmente viciado – sem ter outra alternativa senão a de aceitar a ajuda divina. Assim, se de um lado o livre-arbítrio da vontade não exige relacionar Deus com a causa do mal, de outro lado exige relacionar Deus com a única forma de corrigir o mal. Nosso trabalho tem o objetivo de analisar as tramas conceituais supostas na concepção de livre-arbítrio, vendo nesta uma chave de leitura com força de evidenciar certa lógica interna no movimento envolvendo a conversão de Agostinho ao cristianismo.


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