Thèse soutenue

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Auteur / Autrice : William Ernest Louw
Direction : Geoffrey Williams
Type : Thèse de doctorat
Discipline(s) : Anglais. Linguistique de corpus
Date : Soutenance en 2014
Etablissement(s) : Lorient en cotutelle avec Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia
Ecole(s) doctorale(s) : École doctorale Arts, Lettres, Langues (Rennes)
Partenaire(s) de recherche : autre partenaire : Université européenne de Bretagne (2007-2016)

Mots clés



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The use of ‘prompts’ from philosophy that are capable of verifying meaning through collocation within natural language provide us with highly innovative methods of investigation. This technique involves the provision of increasingly strenuous Popperian tests (1) that are born of alterations to normal investigative procedure; (2) an entry point that is entirely shielded from bias because it operates with and through human intuitive opacity to the logic of natural language, (3) thus yielding insights into meaning that cannot be obtained through intuitive methods that have always dominated the discipline. The method begins as a computational alteration to the ways in which lexical collocation has dominated all discussion of the subject. It moves from relexicalisation through semantic prosody and contextual prosodic theory towards the use of co-selected collocates to establish states of affairs. This process prospects what is likely to occur in texts and also deals with emotions. Its plane is syntagmatic. Subtext involves the paradigmatic plane. Its power is the provision of empiricism for the interpretation by collocation of a text that shares the logical form of other texts that cannot be seen by human intuition. This process works by splitting logic from metaphysics in natural language: in breach of a central tenet of the Vienna Circle. A welcome irony is that the Vienna Circle invites this situation through its own maxim: the meaning of a proposition is the method of its verification. As part of this process we can expect falsifications to take place both within linguistic and philosophical theory as well as improvements such as finding the a priori and the nature of what early analytic philosophers called structured variables.