Thèse soutenue

Problématique constitutionnelle du bicamérisme en Europe

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Auteur / Autrice : Geneviève Mossler
Direction : Stéphane Pierré-Caps
Type : Thèse de doctorat
Discipline(s) : Droit public
Date : Soutenance le 17/12/2007
Etablissement(s) : Nancy 2
Ecole(s) doctorale(s) : École doctorale SJPEG - Sciences Juridiques, Politiques, Economiques et de Gestion (Lorraine)
Jury : Examinateurs / Examinatrices : François Borella
Rapporteurs / Rapporteuses : Marie-France Verdier, Bruno Baufumé


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The bicameral system cannot be only defined as being a Parliament made up of two chambers. This institutional organisation carries necessarily consequences as for the concept of representation and parliamentary work. In the States of the European Union, of which only thirteen countries have chosen a bicameral Parliament, this is particularly revealing. In each studied State, the question of the representative function of the second chamber arises, as well on the level its bases, as of their concrete realisation. In the same way, the bicameral system questions directly the effectiveness of parliamentary work and thus, the place to be granted to the second chamber, within the framework of the legislative function and of control. From reforms to reflexions on the real utility of the duality of the parliamentary chambers, constitutional problems of the bicameral system in Europe east that of the adequacy of the objectives, which are assigned to it with their concrete realisation in various constitutional systems, which have in common to want to find the best adapted institutional solution to the complexity of the current political societies.