Thèse soutenue

Recherches sur Doura-Europos : problèmes d'acculturation et d'iconographie païenne, chrétienne et juive

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Auteur / Autrice : Aline Rousselle
Direction : Monique AlexandreCharles PietriLuce Pietri
Type : Thèse de doctorat
Discipline(s) : Lettres
Date : Soutenance en 1993
Etablissement(s) : Paris 4

Mots clés

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Résumé

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By scrutinizing the ancient theories of vision and of image as well as the means employed for creating new painted and carved images, we can improve the analysis of the frescoes and reliefs discovered at Dura-Europos (in roman Syria, dated first to third centuries A. D. ). The greco-roman and semitic cultures have conflicting time and narrative directions (right to left or left to right), and conflicting expressions of hierarchies. Contacts, eventually through conversions, can explain borrowings from the pagan repertory as well in iconography as in verbal narratives. Borrowings from both iconographical repertoires (Greco-Syrian and semitic), when making new images for the temple of Bel, for the chapel of Mithra, and above all for the Christian baptistery and for the synagogue, create conflicting narrative directions and kinesic directions. Through the artists'way of working, the local features of the painting can be made plain, as well as the influence of Palmyra, of the Syro-Greek world, and of the paintings prepared for the Roman triumphs.