Diversité religieuse, élections, gouvernance, énergie et biens publics : le cas du Liban

par Marie Elisabeth Layoun

Projet de thèse en Sciences Economiques

Sous la direction de Bertrand Crettez.


  • Résumé

    Premier chapitre : Est-ce que la fragmentation religieuse a un impact sur la fourniture d’électricité ? Le cas des élections législatives au Liban - Deuxième chapitre : Fourniture informelle d’électricité, préférences du consommateur et bien-être : Le cas des générateurs au Liban (en cours)

  • Titre traduit

    Religious diversity, elections, governance, energy and public goods : the case of Lebanon


  • Résumé

    First chapter: Does religious fractionalization impact electricity provision? Evidence from parliamentary elections in Lebanon Abstract: This paper examines the impact of religious fractionalization on the provision of electricity in Lebanon. We revisit previous results according to which the country’s religious composition renders public provision of goods a clientelist tool. Using 2005 voting lists to identify the shares of religious groups in each electoral district, we study the link between religious diversity and the length of electricity cuts at the district level. We find that public provision of electricity is mildly affected by religious heterogeneity. - Second chapter: Informal electricity provision, consumer surplus and social well-being: The case of generators in Lebanon Research goal: In this paper, we seek to model the price mechanisms underlying a very intricate electricity provision. Indeed, in Lebanon, informal actors step in to provide electricity when the State provision fails. Our aim is to understand how providers set prices and the consequent impact on consumer well-being. At last, we plan on considering the role of municipalities in the regulation of this informal provision, thus in ensuring consumer rights and welfare.