Pascal et la philosophie

by Vincent Carraud

Doctoral thesis in Philosophie

Under the supervision of Jean-Luc Marion.

defended on 1990

in Poitiers .

  • Alternative Title

    Pascal and philosophy


  • Abstract

    In this study of the status of philosophy in pascal's works are to be found four main parts in its effort to set itself free from philosophy: 1) to establish the failure of philosophical sects whose figures are organized according to a twofold typology inherited from st augustin and montaigne and which makes them correspond to the three forms of concupiscence. Then, in a first anthropology pascal opposes them to true religion. This first task has enabled us to clarify the relationship between pascal and some of his predecessors, jansenius on the one hand and the neo-stoicists on the other. 2) pascal repeats and alters the concepts of metaphysics down to its total destruction (mainly the notion of the infinite), a form of metaphysics of which descartes, omnipresent in the pensees, is the archetypical figure. 3) pascal brings forth the destitution of the twofold cartesian onto-theo-logy, pretending to give the ego the first place and prove the existence of god and setting up with the three orders a process of transcendence in metaphysics. 4) the anthropology of diversion constitutes truly original thinking, which seems to be independent from descartes.

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  • Abstract

    Ce travail sur le statut de la philosophie chez pascal degage quatre grands moments dans son effort pour se liberer de la philosophie: 1) etablir l'echec des sectes philosophiques, dont les figures contradictoires sont organisees selon une double typologie heritee de saint augustin et de montaigne, et qui les fait correspondre aux trois concupiscences tout en degageant la concupiscence propre a la philosophie. Pascal les oppose alors a la vraie religion, en une premiere anthropologie (celle des contrarietes). Cette premiere tache permet de preciser le rapport de pascal a certains de ses predecesseurs et contemporains, jansenius d'une part, les neo-stoiciens d'autre part. 2) pascal reprend et subvertit les concepts constitutifs de la metaphysique jusqu'a sa ruine (singulierement la notion d'infini), metaphysique dont descartes, omnipresent dans les pensees, est la figure archetypique. 3) pascal destitue la double onto-theo-logie cartesienne, dans sa pretention a instaurer l'ego comme premier et a prouver dieu, et en organisant avec les trois ordres une structure de depassement de la metaphysique. 4) l'anthropologie du divertissement constitue une reflexion proprement originale, qui semble affranchie de sa dependance envers descartes.

Other version

This thesis has resulted in a publication by in 1992 by Presses universitaires de France in Paris

Pascal et la philosophie


Consult library

Version is available as a paper

Informations

  • Details : 660 f.
  • Notes : Publication autorisée par le jury

Where is this thesis?

  • Library : Université de Poitiers. Service commun de la documentation. BU Lettres.
  • Available for PEB
  • Library : Université de Poitiers. Service commun de la documentation. BU Lettres.
  • Available for PEB
  • Odds : TL 27-1990-2
See the Sudoc catalog libraries of higher education and research.

Consult library

This thesis has resulted in a publication by in 1992 by Presses universitaires de France in Paris

Informations

  • Under the title: Pascal et la philosophie
  • In the collection : Épiméthée , 0768-0708
  • Details : 1 vol. (471 p.)
  • ISBN : 2-13-044257-9
  • Annexes : Bibliogr. p. [459]-460. Index
This thesis is also in paper form.

Where is this thesis?