Thèse de doctorat en Biologie
Soutenue le 15-12-2016
à Aix-Marseille , dans le cadre de Ecole Doctorale Sciences de la Vie et de la Santé (Marseille) , en partenariat avec TAGC. Technological advances for genomics and clinics (marseille) (laboratoire) .
Le président du jury était Julien Royet.
Le jury était composé de Jean-Marc Cavaillon.
Interaction between inflammation and infection in Drosophila melanogaster
In mammals, both sterile wounding and infection induce inflammation and activate the innate immune system, and combining both challenges can lead to severe health defects, revealing that the balance between the intensity and resolution of the inflammatory response is central for the organism's fitness. The underlying mechanisms remain however elusive. Using Drosophila as a model, we show that a sterile wounding induces a reduced resistance to a bacterial challenge and is accompanied by an increased host mortality upon infection. We further investigate the underlying molecular mechanisms of flies susceptibility to bacterial infection by comparing the transcriptome landscape of SH flies (Simple Hit: infection only), DH flies (Double Hit: trauma + infection) and control flies (sterile trauma alone) during the early steps. We observed that genes with increased expression in DH flies compared to SH ones are significantly enriched for stress related annotations, including members of the JNK pathway and demonstrate that the JNK pathway plays a central role in the DH phenotype. In addition, the CrebA/Creb3-like transcription factor and its targets are up regulated in SH flies and we show that CrebA is required for mounting the innate immune response. We also investigated the potential role of the TNF receptor grnd in SH and DH flies. Our results reveal its function in innate immune response since flies with reduced grnd function display reduced viability upon infection. Drosophila thus appears as a relevant model to investigate the complex interactions between inflammation and infection and allows to unravel key pathways involved in the acquisition of a hyper-inflammatory state.
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Cette thèse a donné lieu à une publication
Etude de l'intéraction entre inflammation et infection chez la drosophile