Computational framework for local breast cancer treatment

par David Thanoon

Thèse de doctorat en Mathématiques appliquées

Sous la direction de Thierry Colin et de Marc Garbey.

Soutenue le 28-11-2011

à Bordeaux 1 , dans le cadre de École doctorale de mathématiques et informatique (Talence, Gironde) , en partenariat avec Institut de mathématiques de Bordeaux (laboratoire) .

Le jury était composé de Barbara Lee Bass, Florence Hubert, Olivier Saut, Nikolaos V. Tsekos.

  • Titre traduit

    Plateforme de calcul pour le cancer du sein


  • Résumé

    Le cancer du sein est le cancer le plus fréquent chez les femmes. Il y a une multitude de solutions proposées concernant une éventuelle intervention médicale pour le cancer du sein ‐ une en particulier est la chirurgie mammaire conservatrice (tumoréctomie). Le but de la tumoréctomie est de parvenir à un contrôle local du cancer, ainsi que de préserver une forme du sein qui satisfait les besoins esthétiques de la femme. Bien que ces objectifs sont généralement atteint, il reste encore parfois des résultats inattendus,tels qu'une tumeur récurrence locale, ou des résultats cosmétiques insuffisants.L'objectif de cette thèse est de proposer une plateforme de calcul, qui contribue à la tumoréctomie. Cela comprend:1) Une étude de la dynamique de croissance des tumeurs du sein.2) Une étude sur la prédiction du contour du sein grâce a la chirurgie virtuelle.3) Un modèle de calcul de la forme finale du sein après cicatrisation.


  • Résumé

    Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the developed as well as the developing countries. There are a plethora of proposed solutions regarding possible medical interventions for breast cancer–one in particular is Breast Conserving Therapy (BCT). BCT comprises of complete surgical excision of the tumor (partialmastectomy), and post-operative radiotherapy for the remaining breast tissue. This is a feasible treatment for most women with breast cancer. The goal of BCT is toachieve local control of the cancer, as well as to preserve breast shape that appeases awoman’s cosmetic concerns. Although these goals are usually achieved, there are still occasional unexpected results, such as reexcision of the tumor due to a positive margin assessment, tumor local recurrence, unsatisfactory cosmetic results, and breastpain. Other than surgical experience and judgment, there are currently no toolswhich can predict the outcome of partial mastectomy on the contour and deformity of the treated breast. The objective of this dissertation is to propose computational framework, which contributes to BCT operations, this was achieve by exploring two areas.On the one hand we developed a multiscale model adapted for breast cancer tumor growth, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). The model features included: nutrients growth limitation, wall degradation enzyme and HER2 chemical expression tumor phenotype. Our model successfully simulate some pattern of DCIS carcinoma.Among the interesting result we showed that the enzyme contributed to a greater tumor size and that when HER2 was over expressed, the growth limiting factor wasthe EGFR. On the other hand, we developed a virtual surgery box to simulate BCT surgery. The box will input MRI patient data and will output cosmetic and functional indicator to rate the impact of the surgery. It appears that stiffness of the tissue, resection radius as well as the lump quadrant location are the most sensitive parameters to the indicators. A healing model was also embedded to simulate the wound closure after resection, this model was stress dependent and illustrate anasymmetric wound closure progression.The tools developed in this research allows a new type of field convergence between the surgery and computation field. At the local level it will allow surgeons and patient to be able to communicate on the pertinence and necessity of performing alumpectomy surgery, enabling to anticipate the possible outcome of the operation.On the global aspect this type of tool gives birth to a new type of field: computational surgery, where computer scientist and surgeons work hand in hand to provide the best and the most reliable service to the patients.


Il est disponible au sein de la bibliothèque de l'établissement de soutenance.

Consulter en bibliothèque

La version de soutenance existe

Où se trouve cette thèse\u00a0?

  • Bibliothèque : Université de Bordeaux. Direction de la Documentation. Bibliothèque électronique.
Voir dans le Sudoc, catalogue collectif des bibliothèques de l'enseignement supérieur et de la recherche.